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Post- Independence of Mauritius

Mauritius Freeport

Mauritius gained independence from Great Britain in 1968, after lengthy negotiations in London, but chose to remain a member of the Commonwealth. The parliamentary system is based on the Westminster model where members of parliament are voted in at general elections held at regular intervals. Following independence, Prime Minister Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, managed to forge a nation out of disparate ethnic elements. In 1992, a historic year for the Mauritian nation, the country assumed the status of republic, with a president replacing the Governor General.

There is no official language in Mauritius, though it is often assumed to be English as parliamentary proceedings are conducted in English. Mauritian Creole, a French based language that grew from the pidgin language developed by slaves in the 18th Century is the most commonly spoken language by the native population, with French generally more widely used than English, with the majority of newspapers and television programs written and broadcast in French. However as a nation composed of a variety of different cultures and religions, many other languages are also spoken, including Hindi, Urdu, Mandarin, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, and Bhojpuri.

Harmony in Mauritius amongst childrenMauritius stall called a "Miracle of peaceful coexistence," for how people with roots in Europe, Asia and Africa, living side by side in harmony and respecting the culture and religion of one and the other. The population of 1.2 million souls, is Hindu religious component, Christian, Muslim and Buddhist. Today, one of the key qualities of this country, it is the non-racism. The official language is generally recognized as English but everyone speaks French. This is the only country in the world where French is progressing faster than English and Creole, a dialect derived from Old French. But as it is also a population so different growing Hindi, Urdu and Mandarin are also fluent.